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The big poverty quiz: test your knowledge!

Put yourself to the test – how much do you know about the issues facing the world’s most vulnerable children?


poverty knowledge quiz

World poverty quiz

We've created this fun world poverty quiz to help you test your poverty knowledge! Grow your understanding of child poverty and discover how you can make a difference by sponsoring a child

Enjoy our global poverty quiz and don't forget to share your answers with friends. It's a great poverty quiz for kids to help them gain understanding.



1. How many children are living in extreme poverty?

Children are more than twice as likely as adults to live in extreme poverty.

Source: World Bank and UNICEF, 2016

2. Half of all deaths of children under the age of 5 are attributable to:

In 2014, 159 million children under age 5 were stunted. We’re passionate about ensuring kids get the nutrition they need to grow up strong and healthy. Read Lance’s story of being hungry no more>

Source: State of the World's Children

3. How many million girls are married before the age of 18?

Child marriage exemplifies how the world’s poorest girls bear the heaviest burden of disadvantage, especially those living in marginalised communities in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, where the practice is most common. Child marriage is also on the rise in Mexico where more than 5% of girls are married before the age of 18.

Source: State of the World's Children

4. How many children of primary school age are not in primary school?

More than half of the primary-school-aged children who are not in school live in sub-Saharan Africa. Compassion child sponsorship gives kids the uniforms, resources and fees they need to get the education they deserve.

Source: State of the World's Children

5. What percentage of children leave primary school without learning how to read, write and do simple arithmetic?

The Convention on the Rights of the Child recognises that every child has the right to go to school and learn. Compassion’s holistic approach helps children in every area of their lives – an approach which protects their education. “A child’s health is very vital in their class performance and Compassion has set example in our country,” explains Nsengiyumva Charles, a Compassion project director in Gahanga, Rwanda. “Compassion sponsored children were ranked the cleanest and smartest in school from the whole country.”

Source: State of the World's Children

6. How many million children under the age of 14 are engaged in child labour?

Around 150 million children under the age of 14 are engaged in child labour, often in hazardous conditions. Teolina from Peru used to be one of them, but thanks to the intervention of her Compassion project, she’s back in the classroom. Read her story >

Source: State of the World's Children

7. Based on current trends, what proportion of the world’s children in extreme poverty will live in sub-Saharan Africa by 2030?

Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for a large and rising share of the world’s extreme poor. Based on current trends, 9 out of 10 of the world’s children surviving on less than US$1.90 a day will live in sub-Saharan Africa in 2030. Compassion Vice President of Africa Region, Sidney Muisyo, explains, “Poverty has a strong hold over children and their families. But there is holistic child development work being done in Africa. When sponsors give sacrificially each month and pray for their sponsored children, much progress is being made.”

Source: State of the World's Children

8. What are the three biggest poverty-related diseases?

These diseases are not common in the UK, yet HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis account for nearly 18 per cent of all diseases in the world's poorest countries. Each one is treatable, yet millions of people die each year because they cannot afford medical care.

Source: WHO

9. What is the leading cause of malnutrition in kids under five?

It’s not lack of food, but diarrhoeal disease that’s the leading cause of malnutrition in young children. Diarrhoea isn’t a serious condition in the UK, yet globally it is the second biggest cause of death in children under five. Poor sanitation and unsafe drinking water are the biggest contributors. It’s a vicious cycle: diarrhoea can cause malnutrition, and malnutrition makes kids more vulnerable to future cases of diarrhoeal disease.

Source: WHO

10. How many people lack sanitation at home?

Of the 4.5 billion people who do not have safely managed sanitation, 2.3 billion still do not have basic sanitation services. This includes 600 million people who share a toilet or latrine with other households, and 892 million people – mostly in rural areas – who defecate in the open. Read more about the toilets you built>

Source: WHO

11 How many children under 5 years old die every day?

That’s 11 children dying every minute. The first few years of a child’s life are vital to their development and through our Child Survival Programme we can reach the most vulnerable children even before they have been born.In partnership with the local church, we provide antenatal care for vulnerable mothers, ensure children are vaccinated against deadly diseases and give mothers the skills they need to earn a living.

Source: WHO

12. How many girls and women alive today have undergone FGM/C (female genital mutilation/cutting)?

FGM/C is a violation of girls’ human rights. While the exact number of girls and women worldwide who have undergone FGM/C remains unknown, at least 200 million girls and women have been cut in the 30 countries where data was available. Find out how Brenda Etukei from Compassion Kenya is protecting girls most at risk>

Source: UNICEF

13. How many children under the age of 15 are living with HIV?

Children are still dying of AIDS-related causes. Children living with HIV (aged 0–4) face the highest risk of AIDS-related death compared to all other age groups. The AIDS-response must focus on solutions for this extremely vulnerable population.

Source: UNICEF

14. How many people lack safe drinking water at home?

Some 3 in 10 people worldwide, or 2.1 billion, lack access to safe, readily available water at home. As a result, every year, 361 000 children under 5 years of age die due to diarrhoea. Poor sanitation and contaminated water are also linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, dysentery, hepatitis A, and typhoid. Compassion’s RESPOND Fund helps the children in our programmes access safe water so they can stay healthy.

Source: WHO

15. How many children are currently being lifted out of poverty thanks to Compassion’s Child Development Sponsorship Programme?

We give thanks that more than 1,864,000 children are being given the opportunity to escape poverty. We thank every sponsor who is giving each child hope for the future.

WORDS : Becca Stanley

PHOTOS : Compassion International


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